origins and History of New Monasticism:
1940: Brother Roger Founds Taizé in France
1.) Taize was the first independent monastic community (not affiliated with a Denomination).
3.) Taize was the first monastic Community to appeal to great numbers of youth. Beginning in the 1950's (and especially from the 1960's and on), youth in ever increasing numbers have traveled to Taize in their search for God and meaning.
Around 1964, Reuben Archer Torrey III, an Episcopal Priest and Missionary to Asia (he had been raised in China, his parents were also missionaries), grandson of Dwight Moody's fellow servant of the Lord, R.A.Torrey, founded Jesus Abbey as a missionary community in Korea.
It is affiliated loosely with the Episcopal Church. They are very Evangelical and sound in doctrine. They seem in actuality to be a Lay Monastic Community, but they do not call themselves that, or use the term "monks" in referring to themselves.
First 100% Born-Again Christian Monastic Order
As a parachurch organization, they do not take stands on non-essential (to Salvation) Doctrine. Currently (as of Oct. 2007) they have Registered Monks in 7 Countries in North America and Europe and over 1,600 volunteers in 34 Countries worldwide.
At the same time they founded the Interdenominational (Monks all remain in their own denominations) Knights of Prayer ™ Monastic Order as one of the ministries of The Prayer Foundation ™. It was the first 100% Born-again Christian Monastic Order in the world, and in fact, in the history of Christianity. (see also their Statement of Faith including the Plan of Salvation also posted on this Site).
The First Monastic Order to Allow Women Monks
2004-2005: New Monasticism Movement Blossoms
Between 2004 and 2005 dozens of Evangelical Protestant Monastic groups were formed, mostly in the U.S., but also in the U.K. These usually combine both single and married couples, some with children. Missionary/Evangelism minded to their own localities, and generally zealous to help the poor. The idea is to go beyond accepting Christ to living out the Gospel in your daily life. The terms New Monasticism and Neo-Monasticism and came into general use to describe what is now a movement beginning to influence the entire Christian communion.